Friday, July 3, 2020

Mr. President: Please Resign or Don’t Run Again

Mr. President: This is the right moment to resign or signal you will NOT run for re-election. Please hear me out. This is for your own good:

Hillary was up on you by 4 points in the polls at this point. She lost two points by the election and won the popular vote by 2.5 points. Like Sec of State Kerry, it was not enough to win the Electoral College, either time. You had slightly larger margins where it counted for the EC win in 2016.

That is different now. Your base, whom you call poorly educated, is still cult-like in their adoration of you but vastly diminished. You are not going to win this time. That much is clear. 

Look at this poll aggregation. Down by ten points now? There is no coming back from that, especially given the news (COVID, unemployment, industry uncertainty, the Bounty issue, the racial issues ...). Real Clear Politics leans right. Look at their aggregate today:

RCP Average

6/17 - 6/30



Biden +9.3


6/28 - 6/30



Biden +9


6/27 - 6/30



Biden +8


6/26 - 6/30



Biden +12


6/26 - 6/28



Biden +8

USA Today

6/25 - 6/29



Biden +12


6/22 - 6/24



Biden +8

The Hill

6/22 - 6/23



Biden +4


6/19 - 6/22



Biden +9


6/17 - 6/22



Biden +14

Electoral College










Biden +6.4




Biden +7.0




Biden +6.5

North Carolina



Biden +3.0




Biden +3.5

Biden is up by five points in TEXAS!! The former Vice President is not up by a few points but at or nearly at double digits. In most polls, if he loses by 5 points, he still has a commanding lead overall, and some lead IN EVERY BATTLE GROUND STATE. It is now insurmountable. Like President Johnson: you should understand this and bow out.

Mr. President: you spent your life building a brand that is about to be crushed as you lose. We all know you hate the MAGAs because they are not rich: they cannot support your brand, and won’t, once they perceive you as a loser. As I said, who really cares: they are not your clientele.

Mr. President: SAVE YOUR BRAND. Make Trump TV NOW while you still have the interest of the sixty plus MILLION who voted for you. Be Their Voice. Take the best staff from Fox and Oan and make your own channel.

Mr. President: even if you lose 20,000,000 MAGAs - that is still about 40,000,000 DEDICATED VIEWERS.   At $5 monthly, that is $200,000,000 A MONTH!!! Serious money, serious following, without all the legal and other boring entrapment of actual governance.

You are at the top of your game right now. Staying on will be your destruction. If you lose, it will go poorly for your family and you, personally, and if you win there is no upside: you will be forced to work with COVID, while being berated first everything you believe in and do. Where is the fun in that? Certainly no more pussy grabbing - and Melania will make a mess of your personal life. People out of work tend to get into trouble, marches, defacing property, calling for new rights, more handouts, etc .... All that juxtaposed against $200,000,000 A MONTH, adoring fans, and unmuzzled opinions, without concern for any protocol.

Think about it, Mr. President. I’m about your age, from our hometown in Queens and know you, big picture.  Like you, I am a person of means who can read the writing on the wall. People are abandoning you. Did you see today’s NYT?

Meet the Supporters Trump Has Lost

A significant majority of people who voted for him in 2016 are planning to do so again. What is different about those who’ve had a change of heart?

By Claire Cain Miller, Kevin Quealy and Nate Cohn

  • July 1, 2020

For some, the disenchantment started almost as soon as Donald J. Trump took office. For others, his handling of the coronavirus and social unrest turned them away. For all of them, it’s highly unlikely they will vote for him again.

These voters, who backed Mr. Trump in 2016 but say there’s “not really any chance” they will this year, represent just 2 percent of all registered voters in the six states most likely to decide the presidency, according to New York Times/Siena College polls. But they help explain why the president faces a significant deficit nationwide and in the battleground states.

“I think if he weren’t such an appalling human being, he would make a great president, because I think what this country needs is somebody who isn’t a politician,” said Judith Goines, 53, a finance executive at a home building company in Fayetteville, N.C. “But obviously with the coronavirus and the social unrest we’re dealing with, that’s where you need a politician, somebody with a little bit more couth.”

Stop the hemmoraging. Save your brand. Work out a deal, now: no prosecution in return for resigning today. 

Mr. President: $200,000,000 A MONTH vs prison or, if you are lucky, getting to oversee COVID, a broke economy, and a racial divide like never before.

Isn’t the choice obvious? Resign, take the money, and run. 😉

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Sergio: A Film Review

Sergio - Released April 2020  •  Biography, Drama, History

A compelling view of top UN diplomat Sergio Vieira de Mello, whose life hangs in the balance during the most treacherous mission of his career.  Director: Greg Barker  Writers: Craig Borten (screenplay by), Samantha Power (based on the book 'Chasing the Flame: One Man's Fight to Save the World') Leading Actors: Wagner MouraAna de ArmasBrían F. O'Byrne

So, what is there to say about yet another indie docudrama, on an endless Netflix list?  Plenty. 

Sergio is, in many ways, the embodiment of all the passionate, compelling, and driven spirits one encounters at the United Nations and in the field, on the many missions they undertake. For nearly two hours, it was hard to look away, even for an instant.

The film not only entertains but in a more insidiously great way, it educates us along the side lines of recent history. Co-author and former US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power helps illuminate a UN standing alongside warring nations and regional disputes ... in order to articulate a third way.  As the character of the late Sergio Vieira De Mello, passionately recreated by Wagner Moura, demonstrates: even for The World’s Mr. Fixit, sometimes peace building works ... at other times, it may end in unmitigated disaster.

Certainly the film will connect with globalists and those inclined toward international perspectives, especially regarding peace building and sustainable development.  All films are not meant for all audiences; yet this indie-docu-historical drama contains action, passion, current events, lust, intense landscapes and peoples, and more.  By more, I mean: one can appreciate the De Mello character as a challenging, charismatic and imperfect hero; not traditionally, as ‘the bad guy with a good heart anti-hero,’ but in this case the very good guy with an impossibly gracious and too-trusting heart.  

Ana de Armas, who plays De Mello’s Argentinian love interest, Carolina Larriera, is beautiful, inside and out - capturing the kind of woke, intelligent, spirited person one also regularly meets when the UN is open and all else is right with the world.  In fact, Maura’s and Armas’ characters possess additional, subtle messages about the nature and passion behind a commitment to UN staff work in the field.  De Mello’s conscience, Gil Loescher, played convincingly by Brían F. O'Byrne, was actually not one person but a composite of De Mello’s best staff comrades during several missions. In the end, O’Byrne’s character is seen figuratively and hideously losing his legs, a symbol that their very mission lost the ability to stand tall in the face of unmitigated corruption, sectarian violence, and inexperienced international intervention.

The spirit embodied in the three leading roles captures the essence of those one regularly meets working alongside United Nations' staff: these are passionate, diplomatic, honest, thoughtful, and gracious women and men ... often in an increasingly hostile world for those very attributes.

The film bounces through times, at home and abroad, from UNHQ to East Timor and beyond, and from great success to a last fateful campaign, where De Mello’s team is trying to guide a nation from dictatorship to self rule.  We become witnesses to a mission that ended historically poorly, even precursing the birth of a movement that would someday be called ISIS.  The final days of De Mello’s ultimate campaign, to help within what Loescher called a “sh*t show of a situation,” was led in real time by US envoy Paul Bremer and an American presence way over its head.  

Sergio has a strong and positive point of view about the work, goals, and mission of the UN as demonstrated ‘in the field;’ it presents a great heart, spirit, and a trust in global cooperation that becomes harder to defend as the pandemic, and growing nationalism, wear on. 

Still, Sergio is well worth your time.  As you scroll through your favorite viewing platforms while spending more time at home than usual these days, give Sergio a view.  It will say plenty - about all the best reasons why the United Nations is our enduring hope for peace and sustainable development. When the UN re-opens to the public someday, make a trip to see and touch the flag, still hole- and smoke-filled from a fateful Iraqi bombing, along with the tribute to His Excellency Sergio Vieira De Mello and his team, once gone in a flash but now forever immortalized in this worthy, entertaining, and compelling film.  It is not to be missed.

- Patrick Sciarratta

Tuesday, August 13, 2019

UNESCOs Journalism, Fake News, and Disinformation

Youth Journalists And Videographers: Meet UNESCO  (FINAL)

In the Spring 2019, the Director of the Media Education Center in Belgrade introduced me to a new ‘Handbook for Journalism Education and Training’ from UNESCO (the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, in Paris).  MEC Director Miomir Rajcevic introduced me to the ‘handbook’ that is in fact a full course workup, reviewing at first what has been called ‘fake news,’ but discusses the topic of MEDIA LITERACY in much greater detail - and its title betrays its thoughts on the subject. “Journalism, Fake News, and Disinformation” is the actual title.             
(Available free, here)

I think it is a fascinating read, for the casual follower of news, particularly online, as well as for those seeking a complete primer, like student journalists. I think it is also a training gospel for any educator in the field interested in the wide and growing marketplace where newscan mean almost anything these days.

“From politicians to marketers, from advocacy groups to brands — everyone who seeks to convince others has an incentive to distort, exaggerate or obfuscate the facts. (This book) seeks to equip participants with a methodology to detect fact-checkable claims and evaluate evidence critically, in line with ethical norms and standards.”  -  Journalism … Editors

The closest thing we can find to ‘fake news’ is satire, where the news is purposefully invented to get a laugh or make fun by exaggeration.  While that format works well on late night TV, it is less successful online: when posted, it has sometimes been viewed as real news.  This is an issue that the OnionCharlie Hebdo, and other print-based news sources have had to deal with in recent years.

However, clearly, what is normally called fake news, is either misinformation, disinformation, or mal-information. Other permutations also follow.

As the text Journalism …points out near the beginning of its treatise: at times, we simply get the information wrong. That is misinformation and it can spread as fast as anything malicious on the internet’s superhighway.  An old adage goes that a false story can go around the globe before the truth wakes up and gets its shoes on.

Beyond the scourge of misinformation, we know that false information can be spread maliciously as disinformation. Disinformation is the intentional dissemination of purposefully incorrect information … for political, marketing, or other personal gain.  

A third category could be termed mal-information; information, that is based on reality, but used to inflict harm on a person, organization, or country. An example is a report that reveals a person’s sexual orientation without public interest justification. It is important to distinguish messages that are true from those that are false, but also those that are true (and those messages with some truth) but which are created, produced or distributed by “agents” who intend to harm rather than serve the public interest. Mal-Information is added to a conversation to ‘poison the well’ in a way that is not relevant to the rest of the news story.  

Each chapter flows well, one to the next.  Cherilyn Ireton’s editing of Chapter One, Truth, Trust and Journalism: Why It Matterssets up the preamble for the rest of this informative and very useful text.

“In the high-speed information free-for-all on social media platforms and the internet,” Ms. Ireton writes in her synopsis, “everyone can be a publisher. As a result, citizens struggle to discern what is true and what is false. Cynicism and distrust rule. Extreme views, conspiracy theories and populism flourish while once-accepted truths and institutions are questioned. In this world, newsrooms battle to claim and perform their historic role as gatekeepers whose product can help to establish the truth. At the same time, the rise of marketplaces for ‘strategic communications’ and ‘information operations,’ including active disinformation and mal-information, has become a major factor in the information ecosystem.”

For journalists and journalism students, the synopsis points to an understanding that the information environment is a’ changin’… and we need to learn, fast, how to respond to the challenges.  The best thing about Journalism …by UNESCO is that it methodically plots out every point in clear, easy to assimilate prose and includes lists of further reading, links and even assignments for the journalism student or faculty member to follow.  Each chapter provides a gifted overview of every facet within this compelling topic.

Further, theSynopsis continues to note, that, while more democratic, social media without legitimate gate-keepers, can promote: “the creation of echo chambers, polarization and hyper-partisanship, conversion of popularity into legitimacy; allowing manipulation by populist leaders, governments & fringe actors; encouragement of personal data capture and targeted micro-messaging & advertising below the radar, and disruption in the public square.”

BUT: It doesn't have to be that way …

Some evolving tech-related initiatives to address misinformation, we are told, include: “a commitment to engineering out of search results and news feeds, what the platform deems to be fraudulent news; starving disinformation providers of click-driven advertising revenue; providing tech-driven solutions for verifying digital content and images; funding of supportive journalism initiatives that are at the intersection of journalism, technology and academic research; the development and use of technical standards, or trust signals, to help consumers (and algorithms) identify news emanating from credible providers; commitments to ethics, diverse voices, accuracy, making corrections and other standards, developing increased Author/Reporter expertise, asking: Who made this?, including details about the journalist, including their expertise and other stories they have worked on; the Type of Work: What is this?, labels to distinguish opinion, analysis and advertiser (or sponsored/‘native’) content from news reports; citations and references: for investigative or in-depth stories, and access to the sources behind the facts and assertions.”

The strength of social media communication is direct engagement.
Therefore journalists, casual viewers, and instructors should explore how media can better serve audiences and thereby build trust, strengthening their relationships andthe broader community.

This summer, I accepted offers to deliver keynote addresses at the World Assembly of Youth’s Dialogue in Melaka, Malaysia (WAY, 19th MIYD) and at the Danube for Peace event from Rajcevic’s Media Education Center, taking place during the European Union’s 2019 City of Youth events in Novi Sad, Serbia.

Albanian born WAY Secretary General, Ediola Pashollari, leads WAYs constituents for many years. They represent National Youth Councils (NYCs).  The NYCs respond mostly to Youth Ministries in their respective countries. Their opinions matter and what they learn is widely shared.  This session included a fascinating mix of Southeast Asian and other regional youth. I found them serious, intelligent, and innovative. They appeared to understand what they did not yet know – and wanted to learn as much as could be shared.

In Addendum 2 to this article, I include the outcome document from the 19th MIYD Titled: Declaration. It is much more than that  - the Declaration is a testament to quality-level work. It reflects well upon the Secretary General, her leadership and student team, and their delegate selection process. 

For any youth organization or media resource interested in a global youth perspective on this important, viraltopic – WAYs Declarationis itself a primer ‘from 30,000 feet up’ and ought not be missed.

Journalism …helped the youth at the 19thMIYD look beyond the individual trees of false news to reveal the forest of available, media information literacy available to them. Several, internationally recognized speakers addressed the eager youth activists from a variety of impressive perspectives. I noted at the time that recurring themes in these best practicestalks were in some ways reflective of the basic advice revealed in the book and embodied in Schudson’s Six or Seven Things the News Can Do for Democracy:

1)Provide fair and full information so citizens can make sound political choices; 2) investigate concentrated sources of power, particularly governmental power; 3) provide coherent frameworks of interpretation to help citizens comprehend a complex world; 4) tell people about others in their society and their world so that they come to appreciate the viewpoints and lives of other people, especially those less advantaged than themselves; 5) provide forums for dialogue among citizens, through pluralistic and interdisciplinary approaches to issues; 6) serve as a common carrier of the perspectives of varied groups in society; and 7) also serve (where so desired) as advocates for political programmes and perspectives, mobilizing people to act in support of these programmes, without however compromising verification standards and public interest.

Other topics covered in Journalism …include gaslighting, astro-turfing, trolling, information disorder (as exemplified by actual photos with incorrect reference and real issues with journalists having their bylines used alongside articles they did not write, or organizations’ logos used in videos or images that they did not create). Once again, information disorder is different than “fake” yet very malicious.

Later sections focused on the digital disruption of advertising; targeted online harassment of journalists; the erosion of trust in journalism and mainstream media; clickbait; and the need to advance Media Information Literacy (MIL).  Advancing our own MIL is a positive step we can all take, today.

Then, in Novi Sad, Serbia, I found a very different reality on the surface.  

The 2019 Danube for Peace gathering was a tool for inviting videographers and film-makers to focus on sustainable development, inclusion, reconciliation and peace, intercultural and interfaith dialogue, and mutual understanding. In a region where so many divisions have been the way of life for centuries, it is clear why the Media Education Center (MEC) takes this holistic view on making art. 2019 events focused on partnerships & networking for the SDGs. 

It was a smaller group, due primarily to the funding pressures that many Eastern European NGOs are facing these days. Director Miomir Rajcevic brought together leaders in the video and television production field and youth who were eager to work on their own projects.  

The youth attendees were far less interested in any discussion or deconstruction of “fake news” – rather they appeared to accept that their news services had long provided them false narratives.  The differences between the two locations were stark: Asian youth are beginning to understand the need for fact-based decision-making and are eager to realize just that.  In Eastern Europe, false narratives in the media are so pervasive, that youth there appear to accept this state of affairs and simply issue their own media to make their own statements against discrimination, repression, and for regional reconciliation.

My main presentation in Novi Sad was amended so I could also share videos that, I hoped, would stimulate their creations. My presentation there ended with a challenge to make work as good or better than their best, and was an inspirational success - after the dull response to my earth-shattering opening news that the media can at times lie.  

Novi Sad and Melaka expressed very different responses to UNESCOs Journalism, Fake News, and Disinformationbut in a way they were very similar: both met UNESCOs challenge with talented, engaged youth … interested in finding their place in the world of modern communications.
After a summer of travel that included stops in Thailand, Singapore, and Budapest, I am grateful for the opportunity it permitted me to share this valuable information as well as meet and learn from the youth and other professionals I encountered along the way.

Once again, the book itself is FREE via digital download HERE:  

Daniel Patrick Moynihan, U.S. Senator for the State of New York and Ambassador to India and the United Nations (1927-2003) famously said:
“Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not to his own facts.”


-      Patrick Sciarratta is Media Co-Chair for the 68thUnited Nations Civil Society Conference (#UNCSC2019); an editor at the NGO Reporter, with a circulation to over five thousand NGOs associated with the United Nations; editor of Global Connectionsmagazine for UNA Westchester; Consulting Producer for The Biggest Risk, a new television show; member of the Executive Committee of NGO DPI, resident at the United Nations; Program Director for Public Events at the UN through the World Development Foundation; and President of the Vinculum Foundation, a private 501c3, tax exempt foundation in the USA. 

Addendum 1 – Where Credit is Very Much Due

Journalism, ‘Fake News’ &Disinformation
Handbook for Journalism Education and Training
Editors:Cherilyn Ireton and Julie Posetti 

Contributing Authors: Julie Posetti, Cherilyn Ireton, Claire Wardle, Hossein Derakhshan, Alice Matthews, Magda Abu-Fadil, Tom Trewinnard, Fergus Bell, Alexios Mantzarlis 
Additional Research: Tom Law
Cover and Graphic Design:Mr. Clinton;
Illustrations: UNESCO, First Draft and Poynter

Magda Abu-Fadil is the Lebanon-based director of Media Unlimited 
Fergus Bell is an expert in digital newsgathering and the verification of user-generated content. He is the founder of Dig Deeper Media
Hossein Derakhshan is an Iranian-Canadian writer, researcher and Fellow at Shorenstein Center at Harvard’s Kennedy School
Cherilyn Ireton is a South African journalist who directs the World Editors Forum, within the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA)
Alexios Mantzarlis leads the International Fact-Checking Network at the Poynter Institute 
Alice Matthews is a news and current affairs journalist at the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) in Sydney
Julie Posetti is Senior Research Fellow at the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism at the University of Oxford, where she leads the Journalism Innovation Project 
Tom Trewinnard is the Programme Lead on Meedan’s open source verification toolkit Check 
Claire Wardle is the Executive Director of First Draft, and a Research Fellow at the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School 

    Cover: UNESCO/Oscar Castellanos
Module 1: Abhijith S Nair on Unsplash
Module 2: Christoph Scholz on Flickr
Module 3: Samuel Zeller on Unsplash
Module 4: Aaron Burden on Unsplash
Module 5: The Climate Reality Projecton Unsplash
Module 6: Olloweb Solutions on Unsplash
Module 7: rawpixel on Unsplash
Back cover: rawpixel on Unsplash

External peer reviewers: Professor Ylva Rodny-Gumede, Department of Journalism, Film and Television, University of Johannesburg, South Africa; Basyouni Hamada, Professor, Department of Mass Communication, College of Arts,Qatar University; Prof Jayson Harsin, Department of Global Communications, American University of Paris




1.1 We, the young people from 33 countries around the world, attended the 19th Melaka International Youth Dialogue (MIYD), convened in Melaka from 23rd - 27th June, 2019 for an annual programme organized by the World Assembly of Youth (WAY). 

1.2 Recognizing the vital role of young people in addressing fake news, misinformation, disinformation, and mal-information, WAY has selected ‘Youth Deconstructing Fake News’ as the theme of this Dialogue in order to uplift ideas and encourage young people to attain truthful and reliable means of communication, and distribute authentic and trustworthy information. Particularly, the assurance of democratic values in all aspects of life, and realization of responsible freedom of expression by protecting and sorting out the truth from fiction without becoming cynical. 

1.3 This theme has emphasized the actions that young people and other stakeholders should take towards addressing media illiteracy and developing the essential skills to critically evaluate information and mainstream media. This dialogue has identified the roles and concerns of all stakeholders towards deconstructing fake news, and declared that now is the right time and opportunity to act in partnership in order to enhance youth contribution towards media literacy and the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

The guiding principles for this declaration were based on the following objectives:
• To provide a platform for sharing of knowledge and experiences in addressing fake news; 
• To find effective and efficient solutions in tackling the issue of fake news and false information; 
• To converse on the challenges, experiences, and lessons learned from the national youth councils in practicing reliable means of communication and authentic distribution of information; 
• To come up with mechanism and programmes that would detect, filter, and halt the distribution of fake news and/or false information; 
• To outline strategies for youth to tap on media literacy in order to avoid spread of fake news and false information; 
• To discuss the role of different stakeholders i.e. public sector, private sector, academia, NGOs, media and others, in detecting and limiting the spread of fake news and misleading information; 
• To establish frameworks that would determine the verifiability of a news and information; 
• To develop strategies that would address the issue of fake news and misleading information; 
• To form and / or amend the national, regional, and international policies that would undertake the issue of fake news and false information; 
• To foster networking, collaboration, and partnership among youth and all stakeholders in order to address the issue of fake news and misleading information; 
• To advance the role of youth in media literacy and actively involve them in the social development and attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

2. RECOMMENDATIONS Participants have identified key recommendations for implementation by stakeholders including: public sector, private sector, NGOs/IGOs, media, and young people alike. In addition, participants also established commitments and outcomes in pursuit of deconstructing fake news. 

2.1 PUBLIC SECTOR 2.1.1. To develop and amend policies that shall hold organisations and individuals accountable for publishing and spreading fake news that affects societies. 
2.1.2. To create cyber security policies that would monitor and regulate online media platforms. 
2.1.3. To encourage existing institutions and new initiatives aimed at identifying, monitoring, and discouraging the spread of fake news. 
2.1.4. To initiate campaigns in order to raise awareness about media literacy among all stakeholders. 
2.1.5. To create credibility rankings and policies regarding the differences between entertainment and actual media outlets. 
2.1.6. To prevent fake and misleading news that causes armed conflicts which aim to destroy countries and its citizens. 
2.1.7. To assure the rights, safety, and security of all authentic media personnel and platforms. 
2.1.8. To ensure accessibility and transparency of information to all media personnel and relevant agencies as stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 
2.1.9. To introduce and create educational platforms and encourage critical thinking in order to identify false information, misinformation, disinformation, mal-information, and fake news. 
2.1.10. To provide resources, technical support, and methods to deconstruct fake news for media outlets within the nation and other countries in need. 

2.2.1 To allocate and invest an adequate amount of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) resources for the pursuit of deconstructing fake news. 2.2.2 To conduct awareness activities and programmes on how to tackle fake news within the organisations, products, and services. 
2.2.3 To allocate resources for Research and Development that create algorithms and tools to detect fake news that negatively affects their brand and by extension, their industry.
2.2.4 To ensure that Public Relations strategies are authentic and trustworthy. 
2.2.5 To encourage and strengthen collaboration among stakeholders with regards to gathering and disseminating information, and promoting the publication of genuine news. 
2.2.6 To encourage and support young people to acquire media literacy regarding the laws and regulations at local and international levels. 

2.3.1 To design, support, and carry out participatory programmes on deconstructing fake news at all levels. 
2.3.2 To create activities and awareness programmes among young people regarding the consequences of spreading fake news. 
2.3.3 To build synergies with governments and other stakeholders in order to reduce the spread of fake news. 
2.3.4 To utilise resources in order to assist in enhancement of media literacy for the identification and eradication of fake news. 
2.3.5 To commit to transparency in the form of disclosure of policies, procedures, and publications that affirms the veracity of their activities in order to build trust among the public. 
2.3.6 To set up mechanisms and tools that monitor fake news on social media and other platforms. 

2.4 MEDIA 
2.4.1 To dedicate space in all media outlets that would promote and educate the people on the importance of deconstructing fake news. 
2.4.2 To share impactful, high quality, and accurate information in order to reduce the spread of fake news online and in print media. 
2.4.3 To create awareness and educational programmes relating to the consequences of publishing and spreading of fake news. 
2.4.4 To encourage and influence journalists to pursue and practice increased professional career ethics and proactively detect and uncover new cases and forms of fake news. 
2.4.5 To ensure that social media should improve its investment in fact-checking, verifying accuracy, and authenticity of all posts. 
2.4.6 To remain vigilant and authentic against stakeholders who tend to promote and disseminate fake news. 
2.4.7 To engage influential public figures in increasing awareness against the spreading of fake news. 

2.5 YOUTH 
2.5.1 To create and implement awareness and advocacy programmes in regards to youth and media literacy to be carried out by the youth for the youth. 
2.5.2 To ensure meaningful youth participation in activities that identifies and reduces fake news at local, national, regional, and international level. 2.5.3 To refrain from spreading fake news and correct identified false content. 
2.5.4 To engage and inspire young people in deconstructing fake news and ensure inclusiveness at all levels. 
2.5.5 To report and stand firm against misinformation, disinformation, mal-information, and fake news. 

3 CONCLUSION We, the participants of the 19th Melaka International Youth Dialogue, recognize the importance of empowering and equipping young people with the right knowledge, skills, proper attitude, and approach for achieving media literacy. Recognizing that in line with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, we the young people, should be at the forefront of universal transformation taking actions in advocating against the spread of misinformation, disinformation, mal-information, and fake news. Hence, we believe that with the continuous support of all the stakeholders, we should reach our desired goal which is, deconstruction of fake news. 

Youth Leaders Present, Representing:Albania, Australia, Bangladesh, Botswana, Cambodia, Canada, Chad, China, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Vietnam, Yemen, Zimbabwe - worked on this document … until all hours of the morning, 26/27 June ‘19